An agreement was signed on 27 May 2005 by seven countries (Germany, Spain, France, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Austria, and Belgium) at Prüm, Germany. This agreement, based on the principle of availability which began to be discussed after the Madrid bomb attack on 11 March 2004, could enable them to exchange all data regarding DNA and fingerprint data of concerned persons and to cooperate against terrorism. Sometimes known as the Prüm Convention, this is becoming known as the Schengen III Agreement and was adopted into EU regulation for Schengen states in June 2007. The Visa Information System, to be rolled-out in 2009, could be in the future the largest biometric database in the world.
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